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RGBW LED Strip 12 Volt One Chip

While normal LEDs are almost monochrome and only shine in a certain spectral range, the RGBW LED strip manages to mix different colours and create unique colour worlds. It convinces with bright and intensive colours for your personal wishes. With an RGBW LED strip, you can illuminate selected pieces of furniture, create an atmospheric ambience or light up entire rooms.

What does the term RGBW stand for?

The letters RGBW stand for the individual colours of the light-emitting diodes on the strip or carrier tape. This refers to the colours red, green, blue and white, which cover a broad colour spectrum if they are close enough together. Although an RGB strip can also “mix” the colour white additively, you get a much higher quality white with an RGBW strip. RGBW LED strips thus combine the advantages of single-colour LED strips, colour rendering and efficiency, in combination with the individually adjustable light colours of RGB LED strips.

Alternatively, there is also the so-called RGBWW strip. Here, the WW stands for the colour “warm white” and refers to the colour temperature of the white light-emitting diode. White light is called warm white if it has a colour temperature of 2,700 to 3,300 K (Kelvin). Cold white light, on the other hand, is 5,300 K and above. When making your choice, be guided by your personal taste, as warm white light has a rather cosy effect and cold light stimulates productivity.

How is an RGBW LED strip constructed?

If you are planning lighting that combines both colourful and white light elements, an RGBW LED strip with different coloured light-emitting diodes is a good choice. The term LED strip basically refers to several small light-emitting diodes that are glued side by side to a carrier strip consisting of a printed circuit board with integrated resistors. An RGBW strip is therefore made up of the following components:

  • Light-emitting diodes
  • LED chips
  • Conductor track/carrier tape
  • Resistors
  • Coating

This strip is usually elastic and can fit into a wide variety of corners and edges. In contrast to a single-colour LED strip, with high-quality red-green-blue-white LEDs, each light emitting diode can be controlled individually with a remote control or a controller, as they all have their own large chip. This enables you to create a wide variety of colour combinations and bathe your room in atmospheric lighting. Thanks to the large chip in the individual diodes and the smaller distance between the individual chips, a particularly radiant luminaire result is achieved. RGBW strips are therefore an ideal light source, especially for short distances between the luminaire and the illuminated object.

What types of RGBW strips are there?

When lighting with an RGBW strip, it is important to make sure that all colours are housed in one chip in order to “mix” the colour directly in the light-emitting diode. This way, you create a very homogeneous colour effect. You have the option of choosing between an SMD 3528 and an SMD 5050 LED chip.

While with the SMD 3528 only one colour per chip is available, the SMD 5050 combines all colours in one package and is thus perfectly suited for diverse colour worlds. In addition, there are two further choices: 2 chips or a 4-in-1 chip. The former variant consists of an RGB LED chip and an LED chip for white light. In this variant, the colours red-green-blue and their colour mixture are generated in one chip and the white colour in the other chip.

With the 4-in-1 variant, all colours are combined in one chip and produce a homogeneous light – whether coloured or white. You can create more atmospheric lighting and ambience with this colour choice because there is no shadowing.

Both chip combinations are available with 12 and 24 V (volts). Which variant is suitable for you depends on the planned area of application. A 12 V strip is usually a little cheaper, but occasionally has power losses. To illuminate large rooms, the 24 V variant is more advisable, as only half the current is needed for the same output.